TRAVEL

Srilanka_travel_map

FACT SHEET

 

Country Name : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Formerly known as : Serendib, Ceylon
Capital : Colombo
Independence day : 4 February 1948

sri-lanka-in-world-map

Location : Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India
Area : total: 65,610 sq km, land: 64,630 sq km, water: 980 sq km
Coastline : 1,340 km
Climate : tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
Terrain : mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

Elevation extremes : lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                  highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m

Population : 22,053,488 (July 2015)
Ethnic groups : Sinhalese 74.9%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.2%, Sri Lankan Moors 9.2%, Indian Tamil 4.2%, other 0.5%
Languages : Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18 %, other 8%
Note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution
Religions : Buddhist (official) 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other Christian 1.3%, other 0.05%
Literacy : 92.6%

National symbols : lion, water lily

National flag:
Flag_of_Sri_Lanka.svg
National Anthem :