Solosmasthana are 16 sacred places in Sri Lanka associated with the hallowed visits of Gautama Buddha. These places of worship are among the most important religious locations in Sri Lanka.
Abhayagiri Vihara is a major monastery site of Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism, situated in Anuradhapura Sri Lanka. The Stupa enshrines relics of the Buddha and Tripitaka inscribed in gold leaves.
Deegavapi is a scared shrine in the East of Sri Lanka, enshrining relics of the Buddha, at the site where he spent some time during his final visit to Sri Lanka.
Divaguhawa is a natural cave with a capacity for sheltering 500 people, in which Buddha spent the day after placing his foot print on Sri Pada. This location is yet to be identified.
The Jetavanarama stupa enshrines the waist band used by the Buddha.
The Kelaniya temple was hallowed during the third and final visit of the Buddha to Sri Lanka enshrines a gem studded throne on which the Buddha sat and preached. This sacred destination is located about 10 km northeast of Colombo.
Kiri Vehera is located in Kataragama, enshrines a golden seat on which the Buddha delivered a sermon, a lock of hair and the royal sword used by Prince Siddhartha to cut off his hair at the time of great Renunciation.
Gautama Buddha visited the Mahiyangana area in the ninth month after enlightenment. The large & beautiful Mahiyangana stupa stands in the hallowed precincts.
The Mirisaweti Stupa is situated in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.
Nagadeepa – This ancient Buddhist temple is situated in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka where Lord Buddha mediated a dispute over the possession of a gem studded throne on his second visit to the island.
Ruwanweliseya Dagoba is considered a marvel for its architectural qualities and sacred to Buddhists all over the world. This temple was built depositing the largest collection of Buddha’s relics in 140 BC.
This is the southern branch of the Bodhi Tree at Bod Gaya, India, where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. It is the oldest living human planted tree in the world with a known planting date.
The sacred left footprint was imprinted by Lord Buddha on his third visit to Sri Lanka at the apex of the mountain called Adam’s Peak, which is 2,243 m high. The season for climbing the mountain is from December to April.
The Sela Chetiya is situated to the west of Jetavanaramaya in the ancient sacred city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. The stupa has been built depositing the sacred relic of Urna Lome of the Lord Buddha (sacred relic between the eyebrows)
The Thuparamaya stupa is is a relic shrine located in Anuradhapura city of Sri Lanka. The temple is built to contain the right clavicle of Lord Buddha.
Tissamaharamaya is one of the largest stupas located in the deep south of Sri Lanka. The site was consecrated by Lord Buddha himself, who spent some time in meditation there with 500 arahats.
OTHER SITES OF BUDDHIST WORSHIP
Sri Dalada Maligawa The temple of the Tooth relic of Lord Buddha, , is the highest venerated religious place in Sri Lanka. It is steeped in cultural heritage and attracts the highest respect of Buddhists as well as other religious followers all over the world.
Gal ViharayaA rock-hewn shrine. Carved on the face of the rock are 3 colossal figures of the Buddha. There is a recumbent Buddha 44 feet in length. Most prominent is the standing image, 7m (23ft) tall. The Ancient Temple developed during Polonnaruwa period. 1lth – 13 Cen. CE.
AluviharayaThe Aluvihare Rock Temple is a sacred Buddhist temple located in Aluvihare, Matale District of Sri Lanka. Surrounded by hills, the history of Aluvihare Rock Temple is traced back to the 3rd Century B.C. It was the historic location where the Pāli Canon was first written down completely in text on ola (palm) leaves in the 1st century BC.
Dambulla Cave templeA sacred pilgrimage site for 22 centuries, this cave monastery, with its five sanctuaries, is the largest, best-preserved cave-temple complex in Sri Lanka.